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2018年自学考试英语(一)专项练习试题15

2018-10-12 14:59来源:未知 考试必看
1.She disagrees ______ him ______ everything.
 
  A. with, on
 
  B. /, on
 
  C. with, at
 
  D. on, with
 
  2.He talked a lot about things and persons ________they remembered in the school.
 
  A. which
 
  B. that
 
  C. whom
 
  D. what
 
  3.We are interested in the weather because it _______ us so directly—what we wear, what we do and even how we feel.
 
  A. benefits
 
  B. affects
 
  C. guides
 
  D. effects
 
  4.The teacher told us the fact _______.
 
  A. which the earth moves around the sun
 
  B. that the earth moved around the sun
 
  C. that the sun moves around the earth
 
  D. that the earth moves around the sun
 
  5.Perseverance is a kind of quality and that is _______ it takes to do anything well.
 
  A. what
 
  B. that
 
  C. which
 
  D. why
 
  6._______ that the scientist will give us a talk next month?
 
  A. Is true
 
  B. Is it true
 
  C. It‘s true
 
  D. It’s truly
 
  7.You are the most direct young woman I have ever _______.
 
  A. come to
 
  B. come into
 
  C. come over
 
  D. come across
 
  8.People who can‘t _______ between colors are said to be color-blind.
 
  A. separate
 
  B. divide
 
  C. distinguish
 
  D. appointed
 
  9.It is vital that the work _______ in time.
 
  A. is done
 
  B. be done
 
  C. are done
 
  D. was done
 
  10.If you _______ in behaving in this way you will bring yourself nothing but trouble.
 
  A. continue
 
  B. persist
 
  C. decide
 
  D. react
 
  1.正确答案:A
 
  答案解析:本题运用了disagree with sb on sth这个结构。
 
  2.正确答案:B
 
  答案解析:things和persons是先行词。当定语从句要修饰的先行词是既表示人, 又表示物的名词时, 其关系代词要用that.
 
  3.正确答案:B
 
  答案解析:affect多作为动词来用,表示影响。effect多作为名词来用,表示“作用、效果”。benefit:有利于。guide:引导。根据句意,本题应该用affect(影响)。
 
  4.正确答案:D
 
  答案解析:名词性从句中主句和从句中时态要保持一致。但是在此句中,后面讲述的是一个客观存在的事实规律,所以要选答案D.
 
  5.正确答案:A
 
  答案解析:what在表语从句中作takes的宾语,构成“It takes sth. to do sth.”的句型。答案为A.
 
  6.正确答案:B
 
  答案解析:it在句中作形式主语,that引导的从句是真正的主语。本句运用的是疑问句式。
 
  7.正确答案:D
 
  答案解析:此为“come”动词词组辨析题。come across(偶然)遇见;A. come to达到;达成:come to a conclusion得出结论。B. come into进入;继承;得到: come into power当权;come into a fortune继承一笔财产。C. come over顺便来访;(感觉,影响)支配,攫住。
 
  8.正确答案:C
 
  答案解析:distinguish:区别,辨别。distinguish多与between、from搭配。
 
  9.正确答案:B
 
  答案解析:这里主语从句中应该用虚拟语气,从句谓语用should+动词原形的形式,should可以省略。句意:及时完成这项工作是极其重要的。
 
  10.正确答案:B
 
  答案解析:continue一般不与in搭配,常见的是continue to do sth.decide也多与to 搭配。另一方面,从词义来看,continue意思是“继续”,decide意思是“决定”,react意思是“反应,作出反应”,都与句意不相符。只有persist无论是从搭配还是从意思来看都是最佳答案。

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